Air Pollution, Black Carbon, Transportation, Zero Emissions
Why is this useful?
Transportation has a negative impact on health because of its negative impact on air quality. The particulates in diesel exhaust often contain organic compounds that are associated with cancer ,,. Vehicle emissions, including particulates, nitrogen oxides, and volatile organic compounds, are elevated in urban areas, and they impact human health . The global health impacts associated with air pollution have economic costs of more than one trillion dollars per year ,, and there are many deaths attributed to the impacts of transportation on air quality.
Particulate matter and black carbon in particulate matter have significant impacts on human health with an estimated 2.9 million attributable deaths in the year 2013 . Ambient particulate matter in air is the sixth largest overall risk factor for global premature mortality .